First Bible in the Winnebago Language
Stacy, John and J[akob or Jacob] Stucki, trans. FOUR GOSPELS, ACTS, GENESIS, AND EXODUS (CHAPTERS 19 AND 20), TRANSLATED INTO THE WINNEBAGO INDIAN LANGUAGE. New York: American Bible Society, 1907. , 483 pages. Original black cloth with gilt spine lettering, ruled in blind. [16.8 cm.] Very good plus. Two minuscule tears to head of spine; faint vertical crease to spine; minor wear to extremities. Small, partially erased ink notation on front free endpaper, otherwise the text block is clean and tight. An admirable copy.
FIRST EDITION. This appears to be the first translation of any portion of the Bible into the Winnebago language printed in book form. It is the only Winnebago Bible listed by NUC and OCLC finds no other examples. Ayer (1941) records neither this nor any similar book. Pilling (1885) and Schoolcraft (1849) identify an 1833 Catholic prayer book in the Winnebago language, but no scriptural works.
The present translation was prepared by Jacob Stucki (1857-1930), a native of Switzerland, who worked as a missionary among the Winnebago for over four decades, and his assistant and interpreter, John Stacy, an early Winnebago Indian convert to Christianity. Stucki emigrated to the U.S. in the 1870's and trained at the Mission House Seminary near Plymouth, Wisconsin, before arriving at Black River Falls, Wisconsin, in the early 1880's. There he preached, established a boarding school, and worked on this translation. Though he is often given principal credit for the work, he and Stacy collaborated closely throughout the many years of the project. As Stucki could have published the book under his own name alone, it is remarkable that he not only acknowledged his Native American coworker but listed him as the primary author. Stucki's one-page preface to the book is written in the Winnebago language. Stacy, who was baptized in 1898, later became an elder and lay preacher in the Winnebago Indian Mission Church, which was established in 1922. Stucki continued his mission at Black River Falls until the end of his life. His school was continued by his son, Benjamin Stucki, as the Winnebago Indian School at Neillsville. Rare. OCLC locates 23 institutional copies, but the book seldom surfaces in the trade.
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